Purpose of the Course

The course will explore different ways land is used in and the impact of that use on environmental health. It will seek to establish land planning systems that will steer proper land use in the country. It will give scientific understanding of the interactions of land use with the health of an ecosystem at large.

Course Description

This course will define rural, urban and settlement. History and dynamics of urbanization in Kenya. Dynamics of rural and urban development: strategies and their short-comings. Rural to urban migration; population projection. Coordination with other departments for improving rural and urban conditions. Economic and social status in relation to physical planning policies. Development, planned change, basic infrastructure, integrated rural / urban planning. Urban health requirements. Planning and development for control of rural and urban land. Regional development programmes, settlements. Land use: methods and techniques. Planning zoning, land surveying, cartography, and computer aided planning. Gathering, storing and utilizing information. Land development and settlement laws: Physical Planning Act, Land control act, National Land Commission Act, and other relevant statutes. Soil types, soil properties (texture, temperature, composition, structure, minerals, pH, color); soil profile; land use types (irrigation, rice farming, horticulture, pasture lands, shifting cultivation, wild regions); land classification systems and use of these systems in planning development. Policies to promote soil conservation; sustainable land use for different types of soils; range conservation; land tenure and land policy in Kenya.  Contaminated land: definition, types of land contamination, effect of the contamination, how to remedy/ remodel contaminated lands (brownfields), challenges to remodeling approaches. Site Management plans, Contaminated Land registers. Regulations governing management of brownfields. Planning for urban areas; departments responsible, factors that lead to urban sprawl; challenges of urban sprawl; urban health requirements; sustainable/ eco-cities / smart cities development. Planning for rural areas: rural development programmes; challenges affecting rural planning and development; interactive and integrated approaches to rural planning. Land evaluation (FAO): connection between evaluation and planning; nature and principles of land evaluation; land qualities, methods of land evaluation; procedures

Learning Outcomes

 Upon successful completion of the course, learners should be able to:

1.              Distinguish between features of healthy land from polluted land;

2.              Outline major methods of land use in current times;

3.              Explain the impact of agriculture on environmental health;

4.              Discuss the impact of organic farming on land health;

5.              Describe the impact of mining on environmental health;

6.              Apply methods of land use and zoning in urban and rural development control.