Biblical view of suffering and human pain; meaning of grief and loss, definitions, nature of grief; normal grief reactions, grief determinants, unhealthy/abnormal grief, effects and factors causing grief; culture and grief; the grief process, problems in grieving and recovery, grief models; dealing with personal grief and death (theory and practical); family and grief; children and grief; adolescents and grief; parents and grief; traumatic bereavement; grieve counseling; the role of the church in loss and grief; grief and burial; caring for the caregivers.