Apparatus used in analysis of environmental samples; fundamental concepts: proper use of balances, laboratory glassware; symbols used in analytical tests; handling chemicals; source characterization; sample preparation; separation techniques (sieving, filtration, centrifugation,); distillation; migration of contaminants in media such as water, soil, air and food chains; exposure assessment; handling and storage of specimen; analytical methods in environmental health; introduction to qualitative tests and quantitative tests: precipitation, gravimetry, titration, spectroscopy, gas chromatography, liquid chromatography, high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), electrochemical tests; principles of the analytical tests; procedure for the analytical test; factors to consider in selecting the appropriate test; study of mathematical tools necessary for interpretation of data/ results; handling hazards in a laboratory; Principles of laboratory management; managing laboratory information systems, selection and implementation of new procedures, laboratory safety, emergency management; laboratory benchmarking; Current trends in instrumentation and technology, future practice of environmental analysis.

Environmental health sampling and analysis; environmental sampling design; environmental sampling techniques; sampling methods relevant to the evaluation of contaminants in the workplace and community environment; proper collection methods; sample preparation; sample integrity and quality assurance/quality control (QA/QC) considerations; biological and chemical analysis of water, sampling of water, soils, sediments and hazardous waste; metal analysis; application of field and laboratory-based analytical methods; use of Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS), gas chromatography (GC), and Portable Photo ionization Detector (PID) for compound and specific determinants will be demonstrated; use of electrochemical methods in analysis; interpretation of data collected through different instruments; Documentation procedures; methods of validation including generation of precision, accuracy, and detection limits.